Solid waste generation and management is closely related to human living and has followed humanity through its various phases of development. Solid Waste Management (SWM) is one of the high priority service sectors of local governments, especially in urban areas of Nepal. The task is continuously growing extensively heavier and costlier every year in all towns and municipalities, due to uncontrolled urbanization, desegregated wastes, sociopolitical conflicts and lack of sound waste management laws, policies and practices.
In order to provide basic and advanced solid waste management services to the public and also to save the environment from degradation, waste management services provided by municipalities require simple and effective legislation and guidelines, as well as enforcement mechanisms. The policy and legislation should clearly identify the responsibilities of concerned stakeholders, including the government organizations, municipalities and communities, as well as the private sector.
Produced by UN-Habitat, the Solid Waste Management Technical Guideline For Municipalities Of Nepal will be helpful for municipal staff and other stakeholders in dealing with solid waste management activities.